The spiritual path
Sadhu means someone who practices a "sadhana" or strictly follows a path of spiritual discipline. The sadhu is exclusively dedicated to the attainment of moksa (liberation), the fourth and final asrama (phase of life), through meditation and contemplation by Brahman. Sadhas often wear simple clothing, such as saffron-colored clothing in Hinduism, white, black or nothing in Jainism, which symbolizes their sannyasa (renunciation of worldly possessions). Becoming a sadhu is supposed to be the fourth phase in the life of a Hindu, after studies, being a father and a pilgrim. Someone who becomes sadhu needs vairagya. Vairagya means desire to achieve something by leaving the world (the removal of family, social and earthly attachments).
The term sadhu appears in Rigveda and Atharvaveda where it means "straight, right, leading straight to goal". In the Vedic literature, the term connotes someone who is "well disposed, kind, willing, effective or efficient, peaceful, secure, good, virtuous, honorable, righteous, noble" depending on the context. In the Hindu Epics, the term implies someone who is a "saint, sage, seer, holy man, virtuous, chaste, honest or right".
Krishna says in Bhagavadgita, “ live life according to Dharma, and do all your duties and surrender to me , then you will win me !”. Do your duties without anticipating the result , since you don't have control over the end result, but that should not stop you from doing your karma. Do your duties , but remain detached “.
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